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A Guide to Understanding What the Joint Cartilage Is and Its Importance

In each part of the body that moves, there is a connective tissue that serves to offer cushion between the joint and the bone. The flexible fibrous tissue therefore protects the moving bones from touching the joint which may cause a painful feeling referred to as a stiff. In the body, there are three types of cartilages which include the Hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage and the elastic cartilage. The joint cartilage is one of the vital cartilages in the body of which its absence could lead to arthritis and may require a lot of details to get healed. The joint cartilage is officially referred to as the articular cartilage since it covers the entire surface where the articular bone meets with the joint. The articular cartilage is simply the cartilage that you’re going to find on the knee joint, that protects the joint from any possible friction between the tibia and femur.

It is important to note that the chondroitin sulfate and type II collagen are the primary constituents of the cartilage. There is also a synovial fluid that helps to make smooth movements. The articular cartilage is bigger than other cartilages in the body by 6 mm because of where it is located in the body.

It is important to remember that the function of the articular cartilage is to allow for movements between the joint and the bones. Another point to note is that the joint cartilage does not heal when damaged is going to gradually reduce in size over the years due to disorders or normal wear and tear. Unlike the other body tissues, you should note that the articular cartilage will not regrow or regenerate because there is no supply of nutrients to it.

When the articular cartilage gets damaged, it can be rectified by way of having a surgical procedure undertaken. A lot of times, restoration procedures that are applied very from patient to patient and the extent of damage can be found by taking x-rays. Since the surgical restoration of the articular cartilage is a sensitive procedure, it should not be done on every other person. You will find that there are various commonly used cartilage restoration procedures which may include autologous chondrocyte implantation, drilling, microfracture and abrasion arthroplasty. In case you go through any of above cartilage restoration procedures, it is important for the patient to protect the area that was operated to ensure that the cartilage is going to heal well. You should consider rehabilitation which will involve a series of processes and physical therapy so that you can resume normal life. Be sure to visit the website of this company if you want to discover more about the joint cartilage.